In. Glucose uptake was terminated by washing three times with ice-cold

In. Glucose uptake was terminated by washing three times with ice-cold 0.9 NaCl (w/v). Cytochalasin B (10 mM) was included in one or two wells during glucose stimulation to determine non-specific uptake. Intracellular [3H]-Glucose was determined by lysing the cells with 0.1 N KOH, followed by liquid scintillation counting. Total cellular protein was determined by the Bradford method. For glucose uptake in 3T3L1 adipoyctes, cells were transduced with Ad-GFP or 69056-38-8 supplier Ad-Nex adenoviruses and 72 hours post infection, cells were starved for 3 hrs and stimulated with 10 nmol/L insulin for 30 minutes at 37uC. Data are expressed as mean 6 SEM, assessed statistically by one-way ANOVA.Materials and Methods MaterialsParental L6 myoblast cells were a kind gift from Amira Klip (Toronto, Canada) [22]. Actin antibodies, Latrunculin B, dexamethasone and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine were purchased from Sigma Aldrich. Jasplakinolide was purchased from Calbiochem. IRS1-preCT, IRS2, 4G10 and p85 LED-209 antibodies were obtained from Upstate Millipore. AKT, S473pAKT and T308 pAKT antibodies were purchased from Cell Signalling Technologies. Cy5-conjugated donkey anti-rabbit antibodies and Cy3-conjugated goat antimouse antibodies were from Jackson ImmunoResearch and Rhodamine-phalloidin from Molecular Probes. Nexilin antibodies were purchased from BD Biosciences and raised in house against the CC and ABD regions. Nexilin specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) and control siRNA oligos were purchased from Qiagen.Results and DiscussionA proteomic search for components of the insulin signaling network in skeletal muscle cells, identified nexilin as an IRS1 interacting partner. To examine this interaction, we used L6 rat skeletal muscle cells where nexilin is abundantly expressed. IRS1 was immunoprecipitated from L6 myotubes that had been serum starved and then treated with insulin (100 nM) for 5, 20 and 60 min. Immunoprecipitated lysates resolved by SDS-PAGE showed that nexilin and IRS1 are stably associated under basal conditions, however insulin stimulation elicited dissociation of the complex coincident with recruitment of p85a to IRS1 (Fig. 1A). We next sought to determine if this interaction is specific to the IRS1 isoform. Despite the high degree of homology between IRS1 and IRS2, biochemical and metabolic studies from knockout mice and cell lines indicate that IRS1 and IRS2 do not possess redundant roles [29,30]. For instance, whereas skeletal muscle from IRS1 deficient mice show reduced insulin-stimulated glucose transport and GLUT4 translocation [31], glucose uptake into muscles isolated from IRS2 knockout mice is unaffected [32]. Moreover, Klip and coworkers have shown that in cultured L6 cells, glucose uptake is only diminished in siIRS1-treated cells whereas IRS2 silencing does not translate into diminished insulindependent glucose uptake [29]. Immunoprecipitation assays in LCell culture, siRNA transfection, adenoviral transductionL6 myoblasts were maintained in minimal essential mediumalpha (alpha-MEM) supplemented with 10 fetal bovine serum (FBS) in a humidified incubator containing 5 CO2 at 37C. When experimenting on myotubes, L6 cells were cultured to the stage of myotubes in alpha-MEM containing 2 FBS. Transfections of nexilin siRNA into L6 myoblasts were performed using the calcium phosphate method. Experiments were performed 72 hours post transfection. Transfection of nexilin siRNA into L6 myotubes was performed by first transfecting siRNA (100nM) into L6.In. Glucose uptake was terminated by washing three times with ice-cold 0.9 NaCl (w/v). Cytochalasin B (10 mM) was included in one or two wells during glucose stimulation to determine non-specific uptake. Intracellular [3H]-Glucose was determined by lysing the cells with 0.1 N KOH, followed by liquid scintillation counting. Total cellular protein was determined by the Bradford method. For glucose uptake in 3T3L1 adipoyctes, cells were transduced with Ad-GFP or Ad-Nex adenoviruses and 72 hours post infection, cells were starved for 3 hrs and stimulated with 10 nmol/L insulin for 30 minutes at 37uC. Data are expressed as mean 6 SEM, assessed statistically by one-way ANOVA.Materials and Methods MaterialsParental L6 myoblast cells were a kind gift from Amira Klip (Toronto, Canada) [22]. Actin antibodies, Latrunculin B, dexamethasone and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine were purchased from Sigma Aldrich. Jasplakinolide was purchased from Calbiochem. IRS1-preCT, IRS2, 4G10 and p85 antibodies were obtained from Upstate Millipore. AKT, S473pAKT and T308 pAKT antibodies were purchased from Cell Signalling Technologies. Cy5-conjugated donkey anti-rabbit antibodies and Cy3-conjugated goat antimouse antibodies were from Jackson ImmunoResearch and Rhodamine-phalloidin from Molecular Probes. Nexilin antibodies were purchased from BD Biosciences and raised in house against the CC and ABD regions. Nexilin specific small interfering RNA (siRNA) and control siRNA oligos were purchased from Qiagen.Results and DiscussionA proteomic search for components of the insulin signaling network in skeletal muscle cells, identified nexilin as an IRS1 interacting partner. To examine this interaction, we used L6 rat skeletal muscle cells where nexilin is abundantly expressed. IRS1 was immunoprecipitated from L6 myotubes that had been serum starved and then treated with insulin (100 nM) for 5, 20 and 60 min. Immunoprecipitated lysates resolved by SDS-PAGE showed that nexilin and IRS1 are stably associated under basal conditions, however insulin stimulation elicited dissociation of the complex coincident with recruitment of p85a to IRS1 (Fig. 1A). We next sought to determine if this interaction is specific to the IRS1 isoform. Despite the high degree of homology between IRS1 and IRS2, biochemical and metabolic studies from knockout mice and cell lines indicate that IRS1 and IRS2 do not possess redundant roles [29,30]. For instance, whereas skeletal muscle from IRS1 deficient mice show reduced insulin-stimulated glucose transport and GLUT4 translocation [31], glucose uptake into muscles isolated from IRS2 knockout mice is unaffected [32]. Moreover, Klip and coworkers have shown that in cultured L6 cells, glucose uptake is only diminished in siIRS1-treated cells whereas IRS2 silencing does not translate into diminished insulindependent glucose uptake [29]. Immunoprecipitation assays in LCell culture, siRNA transfection, adenoviral transductionL6 myoblasts were maintained in minimal essential mediumalpha (alpha-MEM) supplemented with 10 fetal bovine serum (FBS) in a humidified incubator containing 5 CO2 at 37C. When experimenting on myotubes, L6 cells were cultured to the stage of myotubes in alpha-MEM containing 2 FBS. Transfections of nexilin siRNA into L6 myoblasts were performed using the calcium phosphate method. Experiments were performed 72 hours post transfection. Transfection of nexilin siRNA into L6 myotubes was performed by first transfecting siRNA (100nM) into L6.

Leave a Reply