Nsertion of LFQGP between Val91 and Gly92 [22,25] (Fig. 1A). Cyssubstitutions in

Nsertion of LFQGP between Val91 and Gly92 [22,25] (Fig. 1A). Cyssubstitutions in mouse b1 subunit (KCNMB1) were made in a pWT b1, which contained mutations C18A and C26A.ElectrophysiologyMacroscopic currents were recorded from HEK293 cells in the outside-out-patch-clamp configuration, as described previously [25]. The Cys-substitutions were created in the pWT1 a background. The V50 for pWT1 a was shifted in the depolarizing direction by ,40 mV compared to WT a. For the measurement of conductance as a function of membrane potential (G-V data), macroscopic currents were activated by depolarizing steps from a holding potential of 2100 mV and deactivated by repolarization to 2100 mV, at which deactivating tail currents were measured. G-V data were fitted with a Boltzmann function. Time constants for activation (step to +80 mV) and deactivation (HDAC-IN-3 site return to 2100 mV) were estimated from exponential fits of the macroscopic currents with Clampfit (MDS Analytical Technologies). The bath solution was 150 mM KCl, 5 mM TES, and 1 mM MgCl2 (pH 7.5). The pipette solution contained 0?00 mM free Ca2+ in 150 mM KCl, 1 mM HEDTA, 5 mM TES (pH 7.0). The free Ca2+ concentration was calculated using the Max Chelator program. The functional effects of the reduction and of the re-oxidation of the disulfide bond were determined after perfusion of the patch with 10 mM DTT (5 min) in 150 mM KCl, 5 mM TES, 5 mM EGTA (pH 7.5) or with 40 mM QPD (2 min) in the same buffer, respectively, through a fast perfusion system (SF-77B, Warner Instrument). The patches were held at 2100 mV for reoxidation in the closed state and at +80 mV for reoxidation in the open state. The EGTA in the perfusion solution chelated any contaminating divalent metal ions. The kinetics of reformation of disulfide bond between W22C and W203C was determined during the application of 40 mM QPD, while holding the membrane potential for 1890 ms at either 2100 mV or +80 mV. After 50 ms at 2120 mV, the patch was depolarized to +20 mV for 30 ms and hyperpolarized to 2120 mV for 30 ms, during which the tail current was recorded.Expression of a and b1 constructsHEK293 cells were transfected with the appropriate constructs of pWT1 a alone or of pWT1 a and pWT b1. To determine the extent of crosslinking, we surface biotinylated the intact cells for 10 min with 1 mM sulfosuccinimidyl-6-(biotinamido) hexanoate (sulfoNHS-LC-biotin; ThermoFisher Scientific) in DPBS, pH 7.4, quenched the reaction with glycine methyl ester, and solubilized the cells in lysis buffer (1 Triton X-100, 150 mM NaCl, 50 mM Tris, 1 mM EDTA, and protease inhibitors) containing 2 mM Nethylmaleimide. The lysate was mixed with Ultralink Immobilized NeutrAvidin Plus beads (Thermo-Fisher Scientific), which were washed extensively, and the bound biotinylated proteins were MedChemExpress Dimethylenastron eluted in 4 M urea in 2 SDS at 100uC [22,23].Intrasubunit crosslinking of aThe extent of crosslinking between Cys-substituted in S0 and S4 in the same subunit of pWT1 a was determined as previously described [22]. In brief, biotinylated-proteins were captured on NeutraAvidin Ultralink beads. The beads were stirred with HRV3C protease (EMD) overnight at 4uC. Proteins were eluted in 4 M urea in 2 SDS at 100uC. One-half of each sample was reduced with 10 mM DTT (pH 8.0), 20 min at 50uC. Aliquots ofOrientations and Proximities of BK a S0 and SFigure 1. Membrane topology of BK a and b1 subunits. (A) Mouse BK a residues mutated to Cys in the first two turns of S0 and S4. An HRV-3C.Nsertion of LFQGP between Val91 and Gly92 [22,25] (Fig. 1A). Cyssubstitutions in mouse b1 subunit (KCNMB1) were made in a pWT b1, which contained mutations C18A and C26A.ElectrophysiologyMacroscopic currents were recorded from HEK293 cells in the outside-out-patch-clamp configuration, as described previously [25]. The Cys-substitutions were created in the pWT1 a background. The V50 for pWT1 a was shifted in the depolarizing direction by ,40 mV compared to WT a. For the measurement of conductance as a function of membrane potential (G-V data), macroscopic currents were activated by depolarizing steps from a holding potential of 2100 mV and deactivated by repolarization to 2100 mV, at which deactivating tail currents were measured. G-V data were fitted with a Boltzmann function. Time constants for activation (step to +80 mV) and deactivation (return to 2100 mV) were estimated from exponential fits of the macroscopic currents with Clampfit (MDS Analytical Technologies). The bath solution was 150 mM KCl, 5 mM TES, and 1 mM MgCl2 (pH 7.5). The pipette solution contained 0?00 mM free Ca2+ in 150 mM KCl, 1 mM HEDTA, 5 mM TES (pH 7.0). The free Ca2+ concentration was calculated using the Max Chelator program. The functional effects of the reduction and of the re-oxidation of the disulfide bond were determined after perfusion of the patch with 10 mM DTT (5 min) in 150 mM KCl, 5 mM TES, 5 mM EGTA (pH 7.5) or with 40 mM QPD (2 min) in the same buffer, respectively, through a fast perfusion system (SF-77B, Warner Instrument). The patches were held at 2100 mV for reoxidation in the closed state and at +80 mV for reoxidation in the open state. The EGTA in the perfusion solution chelated any contaminating divalent metal ions. The kinetics of reformation of disulfide bond between W22C and W203C was determined during the application of 40 mM QPD, while holding the membrane potential for 1890 ms at either 2100 mV or +80 mV. After 50 ms at 2120 mV, the patch was depolarized to +20 mV for 30 ms and hyperpolarized to 2120 mV for 30 ms, during which the tail current was recorded.Expression of a and b1 constructsHEK293 cells were transfected with the appropriate constructs of pWT1 a alone or of pWT1 a and pWT b1. To determine the extent of crosslinking, we surface biotinylated the intact cells for 10 min with 1 mM sulfosuccinimidyl-6-(biotinamido) hexanoate (sulfoNHS-LC-biotin; ThermoFisher Scientific) in DPBS, pH 7.4, quenched the reaction with glycine methyl ester, and solubilized the cells in lysis buffer (1 Triton X-100, 150 mM NaCl, 50 mM Tris, 1 mM EDTA, and protease inhibitors) containing 2 mM Nethylmaleimide. The lysate was mixed with Ultralink Immobilized NeutrAvidin Plus beads (Thermo-Fisher Scientific), which were washed extensively, and the bound biotinylated proteins were eluted in 4 M urea in 2 SDS at 100uC [22,23].Intrasubunit crosslinking of aThe extent of crosslinking between Cys-substituted in S0 and S4 in the same subunit of pWT1 a was determined as previously described [22]. In brief, biotinylated-proteins were captured on NeutraAvidin Ultralink beads. The beads were stirred with HRV3C protease (EMD) overnight at 4uC. Proteins were eluted in 4 M urea in 2 SDS at 100uC. One-half of each sample was reduced with 10 mM DTT (pH 8.0), 20 min at 50uC. Aliquots ofOrientations and Proximities of BK a S0 and SFigure 1. Membrane topology of BK a and b1 subunits. (A) Mouse BK a residues mutated to Cys in the first two turns of S0 and S4. An HRV-3C.

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