Ntification of the CEA promoter and ST13 gene in pAd?(ST

Ntification of the CEA promoter and ST13 gene in pAd?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) by PCR. Lane M: DL2000 Marker; Lane 1: CEA promoter; Lane 2: ST13 gene. C. Detection of E1A(D24) and ST13 expression levels when SW620 cells were infected with Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24), Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24) or the typical oncolytic virus ONYX-015 at an MOI of 5 for 48 hr. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect E1A(D24) and ST13 protein levels. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047566.gCell Viability AssayCells were dispensed into 96-well 1676428 plates and treated with either ONYX-015, Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24), or Ad (ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) at the indicated MOIs and time points. An MTT assay was conducted to determine cell viability following treatment with the various adenoviruses. Four hours before the end of the incubation, 20 mL of MTT solution (5.0 mg/mL) was added to each well. The 22948146 resulting crystals were dissolved with 150 mL DMSO/well by shaking for 10 min. The optical density (O.D.) was measured at 570 nm using a DNA microplate reader (GENios model; Tecan, ZK 36374 Mannedorf, Switzerland). The cell survival percentage was calculated using the following formula: cell survival = (absorbance value of treated cells/absorbance value of untreated control cells)6100 . Six replicate samples were evaluated for each concentration.Flow Cytometry AnalysisHuman colorectal cancer SW620 cells were seeded in 6-well plates at a density of 56105 per well and were cultured at 37uC with 5 CO2 in a humidified incubator. Following overnight culture, the cells were treated with either ONYX-015 or Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) at an MOI of 5. The cells were trypsinized and harvested 48 h after treatment. The cells were then stained with annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and propidium iodide (PI) in a binding buffer, as described in the annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit protocol (BioVision, Palo Alto, CA). After staining, the cells were analyzed for apoptosis using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS; Becton Dickinson).Ethics Statement and Animal ExperimentMale BALB/c nude mice (4-week-old) were maintained and used in a light and temperature controlled room in an AAALACaccredited facility, and given water and lab chow ad libitum. AllPotent BTZ-043 antitumor Effect of Ad(ST13)*CEA*E1A(D24)Figure 2. Colorectal cancer specific antitumor effect of Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) in vitro analyzed by the MTT assay. A. The viability of tumor cells infected with different MOIs of the various oncolytic adenoviruses. Three CRC tumor cell lines (SW620, HCT116 and HT29), and three CEAnegative cell lines (Bcap37 breast cancer, CNE Nasopharynageal carcinoma and HeLa cervical carcinoma) and two normal cells (QSG7701 and WI38) were infected with either Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24), Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24), or the typical oncolytic virus ONYX-015 at a range of MOIs (0.1, 1, 5 or 10 MOI), 4 days, cell viability was determined using an MTT assay. Uninfected cells were considered to be 100 viable. Bars represent the means 6 SD (n = 6). B. The influence of viral infection on cell viability at different times. Three CEA positive cell lines (SW620, HCT116, and HT29) and three CEAnegative cell lines (Bcap37, CNE and HeLa) and two normal cells (QSG7701 and WI38) were infected with either ONYX-015, Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24), or Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) at an MOI of 10. After 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours, the cell viability was measured using the MTT assay. The data are presented as the mean 6 SD of triplicate experiments. C. The viability of t.Ntification of the CEA promoter and ST13 gene in pAd?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) by PCR. Lane M: DL2000 Marker; Lane 1: CEA promoter; Lane 2: ST13 gene. C. Detection of E1A(D24) and ST13 expression levels when SW620 cells were infected with Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24), Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24) or the typical oncolytic virus ONYX-015 at an MOI of 5 for 48 hr. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect E1A(D24) and ST13 protein levels. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047566.gCell Viability AssayCells were dispensed into 96-well 1676428 plates and treated with either ONYX-015, Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24), or Ad (ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) at the indicated MOIs and time points. An MTT assay was conducted to determine cell viability following treatment with the various adenoviruses. Four hours before the end of the incubation, 20 mL of MTT solution (5.0 mg/mL) was added to each well. The 22948146 resulting crystals were dissolved with 150 mL DMSO/well by shaking for 10 min. The optical density (O.D.) was measured at 570 nm using a DNA microplate reader (GENios model; Tecan, Mannedorf, Switzerland). The cell survival percentage was calculated using the following formula: cell survival = (absorbance value of treated cells/absorbance value of untreated control cells)6100 . Six replicate samples were evaluated for each concentration.Flow Cytometry AnalysisHuman colorectal cancer SW620 cells were seeded in 6-well plates at a density of 56105 per well and were cultured at 37uC with 5 CO2 in a humidified incubator. Following overnight culture, the cells were treated with either ONYX-015 or Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) at an MOI of 5. The cells were trypsinized and harvested 48 h after treatment. The cells were then stained with annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and propidium iodide (PI) in a binding buffer, as described in the annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection kit protocol (BioVision, Palo Alto, CA). After staining, the cells were analyzed for apoptosis using fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS; Becton Dickinson).Ethics Statement and Animal ExperimentMale BALB/c nude mice (4-week-old) were maintained and used in a light and temperature controlled room in an AAALACaccredited facility, and given water and lab chow ad libitum. AllPotent Antitumor Effect of Ad(ST13)*CEA*E1A(D24)Figure 2. Colorectal cancer specific antitumor effect of Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) in vitro analyzed by the MTT assay. A. The viability of tumor cells infected with different MOIs of the various oncolytic adenoviruses. Three CRC tumor cell lines (SW620, HCT116 and HT29), and three CEAnegative cell lines (Bcap37 breast cancer, CNE Nasopharynageal carcinoma and HeLa cervical carcinoma) and two normal cells (QSG7701 and WI38) were infected with either Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24), Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24), or the typical oncolytic virus ONYX-015 at a range of MOIs (0.1, 1, 5 or 10 MOI), 4 days, cell viability was determined using an MTT assay. Uninfected cells were considered to be 100 viable. Bars represent the means 6 SD (n = 6). B. The influence of viral infection on cell viability at different times. Three CEA positive cell lines (SW620, HCT116, and HT29) and three CEAnegative cell lines (Bcap37, CNE and HeLa) and two normal cells (QSG7701 and WI38) were infected with either ONYX-015, Ad?(EGFP)?CEA?E1A(D24), or Ad?(ST13)?CEA?E1A(D24) at an MOI of 10. After 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours, the cell viability was measured using the MTT assay. The data are presented as the mean 6 SD of triplicate experiments. C. The viability of t.

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